Do you know what does ISLAMISM mean??

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:: عضو مُتميز ::
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13 جوان 2008
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Islamism (political islam)is a set of ideomogies holding that Islam is not only a religion but also a political system; that modern Muslims must return to their roots of their religion, and unite politically.

Islamism is a controversial term and definitions of it sometimes vary. Leading Islamist thinkers emphasized the enforcement of sharia (Islamic law); of Pan-islamic political unit.

Some observers suggest Islamism's tenets are less strict and can be defined as a form of identity politic or "support for [Muslim] identity, authenticity, broader regionalism, revivalism, [and] revitalization of the community".http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-1 Still others define it as "an Islamic militant, anti-democratic movement, bearing a holistic vision of Islam whose final aim is the restoration of the caliphate".

Many of those described as "Islamists" oppose the use of the term, maintaining that they are simply Muslims,http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3and that their political beliefs and goals are an expression of Islamic religious belief. Similarly, some scholars favour the term "activist Islam" insteadhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-ICG-4http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-autogenerated2-5 or "political Islam".http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-6

Central figures of modern Islamism include Muhammed Iqbal, Jamal-Eddine Alafghani, Abul Ala Maududi, Sayyid Qutb and Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3




Definitions of Islamism

Islamism has been defined as


“Islam as a modern ideology and a political progr


“the belief that Islam should guide social and political as well as personal life”


“the ideology that guides society as a whole and that law must be in conformity with the Islamic sharia”


“a movement that seeks cultural differentiation from the West and reconnection with the pre-colonial symbolic universe”


"the organised political trend, owing its modern origin to the founding of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in 1928, that seeks to solve modern political problems by reference to Muslim texts",http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-autogenerated1-10

“the whole body of thought which seeks to invest society with Islam which may be integrationist, but may also be traditionalist, reform-minded or even revolutionary”, and

“the active assertion and promotion of beliefs, prescriptions, laws or policies that are held to be Islamic in character.”http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-ICG-4

a movement of "Muslims who draw upon the belief, symbols, and language of Islam to inspire, shape, and animate political activity." May contain moderate, tolerant, peaceful Islamists or those who "preach intolerance and espouse violence"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-11



History of usage

The term Islamism was coined in eighteenth-century France as a way of referring to Islam. Earliest known use of the term identified by the Oxford English Dictionary in 1747.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-15 By the turn of the twentieth century it had begun to be displaced by the shorter and purely Arabic term Islam and by 1938, when Orientalist scholars completed The Encyclopaedia of Islam, seems to have virtually disappeared from the English language.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3


The term Islamism is considered to have first begun to acquire its contemporary connotations in French academia between the late 1970s and late 1980s. From French, it began to migrate to the English language in the mid-1980s, and in recent years has largely displaced the term Islamic Fundamentalism in academic circles.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3


The use of the term Islamism was at first "a marker for scholars more likely to sympathize" with new Islamic movements; however, as the term gained popularity it became more specifically associated with political groups such as the Taliban or the Algerian Armed Islamic Group, as well as with highly publicized acts of violence.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3


An article in Middle East Quarterly in 2003 states, "In summation, the term Islamism enjoyed its first run, lasting from Voltaire to the First World War, as a synonym for Islam. Enlightened scholars and writers generally preferred it to Mohammedanism.


Eventually both terms yielded to Islam, the Arabic name of the faith, and a word free of either pejorative or comparative associations. There was no need for any other term, until the rise of an ideological and political interpretation of Islam challenged scholars and commentators to come up with an alternative, to distinguish Islam as modern ideology from Islam as a faith.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamism#cite_note-KramerTerms-3









Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki













 
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How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You
thank u broth.......

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[FONT=&quot]
How perfect You are O Allah, and I praise You, I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except You, I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You
thank u broth.......

[/FONT]




I have been honored by your passage...........Thanks sister


:blushing:
 
thank you for this information
 



Not at all.................you're welcom sister






 


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